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Sunday, September 30, 2007

“Suzuki King” Jalal Chandio

Born about 1949 in a poor family of highway town Moro, Nawabshah

district, he had no proper schooling and was able to learn the art of simple writing and reading only. At a tender age he was sent to a tailor's shop where he would stitch buttons and help

the family. Here he worked till the age of ten. While at work he used to sing the songs of other musicians but then he took it seriously and became the student

of Ustad Ali Gul Mahar of Mirpur Mathelo, a virtuoso of Sindhi music. Under his tutelage he attained a virtue that placed him in the rank of such giants as Faqir Abdul Ghafoor, Allan Faqir, Dhol Faqir, Suhrab Faqir and Hussain Bakhsh Khadim.

Jalal Chandio was a singer of love. The theme of love is very popular with the rural audience of Sindh. When he began singing, the theme of love made his songs very popular with the simple-hearted people of the interior of Sindh. With his throaty voice, he could spellbound thousands of listeners, some even joined him and danced to the tune. It is this virtue that took him all over Sindh all the year round. Present at almost every congregation and private session, he had made an unprecedented number of fans, not only in Sindh but beyond that. Technically, he belonged to Yaktarepota school of singing which is mostly meant for the mystic singing but later he developed his own style. With a beautifully decorated Yaktara and chapriyoon (castanets), he sang in the popular Sindhi rhythmic beats Kalwaro, Adho, Dedho and Ektal. This had nothing extraordinary but it only provided versatility to his renditions. That is why in every public transport in the interior of Sindh his songs were played so frequently that made him known as the Suzuki king.

King Khan meets Saregamapa Mega Finalists

The Mega finalists from Saregamapa Aneek, Amanat and Raja lived their dreams when they met none other than the King Khan- Shahrukh himself this week. Since the stars of Om Shanti Om had come on the show this Saturday and Shahrukh couldn't make it to the show, he  made special arrangements for the contestants to meet him and had a tete-a-tete with them at Mohan studio in Andheri where he was shooting for an Ad film.. When the contestants were told about the meeting they got really excited but once they reached the studio they became speechless. They couldn't believe that they were actually meeting the superstar himself in person. The three finalists were treated as stars too, as the unit members immediately recognized them as Saregamapa contestants. Infact one of them came specially to meet our Pakistan ke Mahabali Amanat and got a snap clicked with him. Shahrukh who follows the show Saregamapa Challenge 2007 regularly recognized all the three mega finalists and personally spoke to each one of them giving them tips on their songs. He told Aneek that he really liked his performance when he sang "Ek Chatur Nar" and told him that the fake moustache which he had during the song suited him a lot. He also requested Aneek to sing the song "Satrangi Re" from his Movie. Referring to Raja as the Bikaner ka Raja, Shahrukh showed him a step from the song "Chaiyyan Chaiyyan" and requested him to sing the same song in the coming episodes. He extended a warm welcome to Amanat Ali from Pakistan and told him that his forefathers are also from Pakistan and that he wishes that Amanat gets the same kind of love from India which he gets from Pakistan when he goes there.

Says Amanat Ali "I simply couldn't believe myself that I sat in front of Shahrukh and spoke to him for so long. He was extremely down to earth and was very warm to us. What is most encouraging is the fact that Shahrukh ji, watches the show himself and he requested all of us to sing a song from his movies". Last but not the least Shahrukh gave the advice to all of them that "Art has no winners as it is not a race so there is no number 1 in this and  hence all the contestants should compete with themselves rather than competing with one another". And with these golden words he bid them goodbye.

Thursday, September 27, 2007

Lyotard, Jean-Francois. (1993). The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge. (Translation from the French by Geoff Bennington and Brian Massumi) Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Chapter 1.

The Field:

Knowledge in Computerised Societies


Our working hypothesis is that the status of knowledge is altered as societies enter what is known as the postindustrial age and cultures enter what is known as the postmodern age.' This transition has been under way since at least the end of the 1950s, which for Europe marks the completion of reconstruction. The pace is faster or slower depending on the country, and within countries it varies according to the sector of activity: the general situation is one of temporal disjunction which makes sketching an overview difficult. A portion of the description would necessarily be conjectural. At any rate, we know that it is unwise to put too much faith in futurology.

Rather than painting a picture that would inevitably remain incomplete, I will take as my point of departure a single feature, one that immediately defines our object of study. Scientific knowledge is a kind of discourse. And it is fair to say that for the last forty years the "leading" sciences and technologies have had to do with language: phonology and theories of linguistics, problems of communication and cybernetics, modern theories of algebra and informatics, computers and their languages, problems of translation and the search for areas of compatibility among computer languages, problems of information storage and data banks, telematics and the perfection of intelligent terminals, to paradoxology. The facts speak for themselves (and this list is not exhaustive).

These technological transformations can be expected to have a considerable impact on knowledge. Its two principal functions - research and the transmission of acquired learning-are already feeling the effect, or will in the future. With respect to the first function, genetics provides an example that is accessible to the layman: it owes its theoretical paradigm to cybernetics. Many other examples could be cited. As for the second function, it is common knowledge that the miniaturisation and commercialisation of machines is already changing the way in which learning is acquired, classified, made available, and exploited. It is reasonable to suppose that the proliferation of information-processing machines is having, and will continue to have, as much of an effect on the circulation of learning as did advancements in human circulation (transportation systems) and later, in the circulation of sounds and visual images (the media).

The nature of knowledge cannot survive unchanged within this context of general transformation. It can fit into the new channels, and become operational, only if learning is translated into quantities of information." We can predict that anything in the constituted body of knowledge that is not translatable in this way will be abandoned and that the direction of new research will be dictated by the possibility of its eventual results being translatable into computer language. The "producers" and users of knowledge must now, and will have to, possess the means of translating into these languages whatever- they want to invent or learn. Research on translating machines is already well advanced." Along with the hegemony of computers comes a certain logic, and therefore a certain set of prescriptions determining which statements are accepted as "knowledge" statements.

We may thus expect a thorough exteriorisation of knowledge with respect to the "knower," at whatever point he or she may occupy in the knowledge process. The old principle that the acquisition of knowledge is indissociable from the training (Bildung) of minds, or even of individuals, is becoming obsolete and will become ever more so. The relationships of the suppliers and users of knowledge to the knowledge they supply and use is now tending, and will increasingly tend, to assume the form already taken by the relationship of commodity producers and consumers to the commodities they produce and consume - that is, the form of value. Knowledge is and will be produced in order to be sold, it is and will be consumed in order to be valorised in a new production: in both cases, the goal is exchange.

Knowledge ceases to be an end in itself, it loses its "use-value."

It is widely accepted that knowledge has become the principle force of production over the last few decades, this has already had a noticeable effect on the composition of the work force of the most highly developed countries and constitutes the major bottleneck for the developing countries. In the postindustrial and postmodern age, science will maintain and no doubt strengthen its preeminence in the arsenal of productive capacities of the nation-states. Indeed, this situation is one of the reasons leading to the conclusion that the gap between developed and developing countries will grow ever wider in the future.

But this aspect of the problem should not be allowed to overshadow the other, which is complementary to it. Knowledge in the form of an informational commodity indispensable to productive power is already, and will continue to be, a major - perhaps the major - stake in the worldwide competition for power. It is conceivable that the nation-states will one day fight for control of information, just as they battled in the past for control over territory, and afterwards for control of access to and exploitation of raw materials and cheap labor. A new field is opened for industrial and commercial strategies on the one hand, and political and military strategies on the other.

However, the perspective I have outlined above is not as simple as I have made it appear. For the merchantilisation of knowledge is bound to affect the privilege the nation-states have enjoyed, and still enjoy, with respect to the production and distribution of learning. The notion that learning falls within the purview of the State, as the brain or mind of society, will become more and more outdated with the increasing strength of the opposing principle, according to which society exists and progresses only if the messages circulating within it are rich in information and easy to decode. The ideology of communicational "transparency," which goes hand in hand with the commercialisation of knowledge, will begin to perceive the State as a factor of opacity and "noise." It is from this point of view that the problem of the relationship between economic and State powers threatens to arise with a new urgency.

Already in the last few decades, economic powers have reached the point of imperilling the stability of the state through new forms of the circulation of capital that go by the generic name of multi-national corporations. These new forms of circulation imply that investment decisions have, at least in part, passed beyond the control of the nation-states." The question threatens to become even more

thorny with the development of computer technology and telematics. Suppose, for example, that a firm such as IBM is authorised to occupy a belt in the earth's orbital field and launch communications satellites or satellites housing data banks. Who will have access to them? Who will determine which channels or data are forbidden? The State? Or will the State simply be one user among others? New legal issues will be raised, and with them the question: "who will know?"

Transformation in the nature of knowledge, then, could well have repercussions on the existing public powers, forcing them to reconsider their relations (both de jure and de facto) with the large corporations and, more generally, with civil society. The reopening of the world market, a return to vigorous economic competition, the breakdown of the hegemony of American capitalism, the decline of the socialist alternative, a probable opening of the Chinese market these and many other factors are already, at the end of the 1970s, preparing States for a serious reappraisal of the role they have been accustomed to playing since the 1930s: that of, guiding, or even directing investments. In this light, the new technologies can only increase the urgency of such a re-examination, since they make the information used 'in decision making (and therefore the means of control) even more mobile and subject to piracy.

It is not hard to visualise learning circulating along the same lines as money, instead of for its "educational" value or political (administrative, diplomatic, military) importance; the pertinent distinction would no longer be between knowledge and ignorance, but rather, as is the case with money, between "payment knowledge" and "investment knowledge" - in other words, between units of knowledge exchanged in a daily maintenance framework (the reconstitution of the work force, "survival") versus funds of knowledge dedicated to optimising the performance of a project.

If this were the case, communicational transparency would be similar to liberalism. Liberalism does not preclude an organisation of the flow of money in which some channels are used in decision making while others are only good for the payment of debts. One could similarly imagine flows of knowledge travelling along identical channels of identical nature, some of which would be reserved for the "decision makers," while the others would be used to repay each person's perpetual debt with respect to the social bond.

Chapter 2

The Problem

Legitimation

That is the working hypothesis defining the field within which I intend to consider the question of the status of knowledge. This scenario, akin to the one that goes by the name "the computerisation of society" (although ours is advanced in an entirely different spirit), makes no claims of being original, or even true. What is required of a working hypothesis is a fine capacity for discrimination. The scenario of the computerisation of the most highly developed societies allows us to spotlight (though with the risk of excessive magnification) certain aspects of the transformation of knowledge and its effects on public power and civil institutions - effects it would be difficult to perceive from other points of view. Our hypotheses, therefore, should not be accorded predictive value in relation to reality, but strategic value in relation to the question raised.

Nevertheless, it has strong credibility, and in that sense our choice of this hypothesis is not arbitrary. It has been described extensively by the experts and is already guiding certain decisions by the governmental agencies and private firms most directly concerned, such as those managing the telecommunications industry. To some extent, then, it is already a part of observable reality. Finally, barring economic stagnation or a general recession (resulting, for example, from a continued failure to solve the world's energy problems), there is a good chance that this scenario will come to pass: it is hard to see what other direction contemporary technology could take as an alternative to the computerisation of society.

This is as much as to say that the hypothesis is banal. But only to the extent that it fails to challenge the general paradigm of progress in science and technology, to which economic growth and the expansion of sociopolitical power seem to be natural complements. That scientific and technical knowledge is cumulative is never questioned. At most, what is debated is the form that accumulation takes - some picture it as regular, continuous, and unanimous, others as periodic, discontinuous, and conflictual.

But these truisms are fallacious. In the first place, scientific knowledge does not represent the totality of knowledge; it has always existed in addition to, and in competition and conflict with, another kind of knowledge, which I will call narrative in the interests of simplicity (its characteristics will be described later). I do not mean to say that narrative knowledge can prevail over science, but its model is related to ideas of internal equilibrium and conviviality next to which contemporary scientific knowledge cuts a poor figure, especially if it is to undergo an exteriorisation with respect to the "knower" and an alienation from its user even greater than has previously been the case. The resulting demoralisation of researchers and teachers is far from negligible; it is well known that during the 1960s, in all of the most highly developed societies, it reached such explosive dimensions among those preparing to practice these professions - the students - that there was noticeable decrease in productivity at laboratories and universities unable to protect themselves from its contamination. Expecting this, with hope or fear, to lead to a revolution (as was then often the case) is out of the question: it will not change the order of things in postindustrial society overnight. But this doubt on the part of scientists must be taken into account as a major factor in evaluating the present and future status of scientific knowledge.

It is all the more necessary to take it into consideration since - and this is the second point - the scientists' demoralisation has an impact on the central problem of legitimation. I use the word in a broader sense than do contemporary German theorists in their discussions of the question of authority. Take any civil law as an example: it states that a given category of citizens must perform a specific kind of action. Legitimation is the process by which a legislator is authorised to promulgate such a law as a norm. Now take the example of a scientific statement: it is subject to the rule that a statement must fulfil a given set of conditions in order to be accepted as scientific. In this case, legitimation is the process by which a "legislator" dealing with scientific discourse is authorised to prescribe the stated conditions (in general, conditions of internal consistency and experimental verification) determining whether a statement is to be included in that discourse for consideration by the scientific community.

The parallel may appear forced. But as we will see, it is not. The question of the legitimacy of science has been indissociably linked to that of the legitimation of the legislator since the time of Plato. From this point of view, the right to decide what is true is not independent of the right to decide what is just, even if the statements consigned to these two authorities differ in nature. The point is that there is a strict interlinkage between the kind of language called science and the kind called ethics and politics: they both stem from the same perspective, the same "choice" if you will - the choice called the Occident.

When we examine the current status of scientific knowledge at a time when science seems more completely subordinated to the prevailing powers than ever before and, along with the new technologies, is in danger of becoming a major stake in their conflicts - the question of double legitimation, far from receding into the background, necessarily comes to the fore. For it appears in its most complete form, that of reversion, revealing that knowledge and power are

simply two sides of the same question: who decides what knowledge is, and who knows what needs to be decided? In the computer age, the question of knowledge is now more than ever a question of government.

Chapter 3.

The Method:

Language Games

The reader will already have noticed that in analysing this problem within the framework set forth I have favoured a certain procedure: emphasising facts of language and in particular their pragmatic aspect. To help clarify what follows it would be useful to summarise, however briefly, what is meant here by the term pragmatic.

A denotative utterance such as "The university is sick," made in the context of a conversation or an interview, positions its sender (the person who utters the statement), its addressee (the person who receives it), and its referent (what the statement deals with) in a specific way: the utterance places (and exposes) the sender in the position of "knower" (he knows what the situation is with the university), the addressee is put in the position of having to give or refuse his assent, and the referent itself is handled in a way unique to denotatives, as something that demands to be correctly identified and expressed by the statement that refers to it.

if we consider a declaration such as "The university is open," pronounced by a dean or rector at convocation, it is clear that the previous specifications no longer apply. Of course, the meaning of the utterance has to be understood, but that is a general condition of communication and does not aid us in distinguishing the different kinds of utterances or their specific effects. The distinctive feature of this second, "performative," utterance is that its effect upon the referent coincides with its enunciation. The university is open because it has been declared open in the above-mentioned circumstances. That this is so is not subject to discussion or verification on the part of the addressee, who is immediately placed within the new context created by the utterance. As for the sender, he must be invested 'with the ' authority to make such a statement. Actually, we could say it the other way around: the sender is dean or rector that is, he is invested with the authority to make this kind of statement - only insofar as he can directly affect both the referent, (the university) and the addressee (the university staff) in the manner I have indicated.

A different case involves utterances of the type, "Give money to the university"; these are prescriptions. They can be modulated as orders, commands, instructions, recommendations, requests, prayers, pleas, etc. Here, the sender is clearly placed in a position of authority, using the term broadly (including the authority of a sinner over a god who claims to be merciful): that is, he expects the addressee to perform the action referred to. The pragmatics of prescription entail concomitant changes in the posts of addressee and referent.

Of a different order again is the efficiency of a question, a promise, a literary description, a narration, etc. I am summarising. Wittgenstein, taking up the study of language again from scratch, focuses his attention on the effects of different modes of discourse; he calls the various types of utterances he identifies along the way (a few of which I have listed) language games. What he means by this term is that each of the various categories of utterance can be defined in terms of rules specifying their properties and the uses to which they can be put - in exactly the same way as the game of chess is defined by a set of rules determining the properties of each of the pieces, in other words, the proper way to move them. ,

It is useful to make the following three observations about language games. The first is that their rules do not carry within themselves their own legitimation, but are the object of a contract, explicit ,or not, between players (which is not to say that the players invent the rules). The second is that if there are no rules, there is no game, that even an infinitesimal modification of one rule alters the nature of the game, that a "move" or utterance that does not satisfy the rules does not belong to the game they define. The third remark is suggested by what has just been said: every utterance should be thought of as a "move" in a game.

This last observation brings us to the first principle underlying our method as a whole: to speak is to fight, in the sense of playing, and speech acts fall within the domain of a general agonistics. This does not necessarily mean that one plays in order to win. A move can be made for the sheer pleasure of its invention: what else is involved in that labor of language harassment undertaken by popular speech and by literature? Great joy is had in the endless invention of turns of phrase, of words and meanings, the process behind the evolution of language on the level of parole. But undoubtedly even this pleasure depends on a feeling of success won at the expense of an adversary - at least one adversary, and a formidable one: the accepted language, or connotation.

This idea of an agonistics of language should not make us lose sight of the second principle, which stands as a complement to it and governs our analysis: that the observable social bond is composed of language "moves." An elucidation of this proposition will take us to the heart of the matter at hand.

Chapter 4.

The Nature of the Social Bond

The Modern Alternative

If we wish to discuss knowledge in the most highly developed contemporary society, we must answer the preliminary question of what methodological representation to apply to that society. Simplifying to the extreme, it is fair to say that in principle there have been, at least over the last half-century, two basic representational models for society: either society forms a functional whole, or it is divided in two. An illustration of the first model is suggested by Talcott Parsons (at least the postwar Parsons) and his school, and of the second, by the Marxist current (all of its component schools, whatever differences they may have, accept both the principle of class struggle and dialectics as a duality operating within society)."

This methodological split, which defines two major kinds of discourse on society, has been handed down from the nineteenth century. The idea that society forms an organic whole, in the absence of which it ceases to be a society (and sociology ceases to have an object of study), dominated the minds of the founders of the French school. Added detail was supplied by functionalism; it took yet another turn in the 1950s with Parsons's conception of society as a self-regulating system. The theoretical and even material model is no longer the living organism; it is provided by cybernetics, which, during and after the Second World War, expanded the model's applications.

In Parsons's work, the principle behind the system is still, if I may say so, optimistic: it corresponds to the stabilisation of the growth economies and societies of abundance under the aegis of a moderate welfare state. In the work of contemporary German theorists, systemtheorie is technocratic, even cynical, not to mention despairing: the harmony between the needs and hopes of individuals or groups and the functions guaranteed by the system is now only a secondary component of its functioning. The true goal of the system, the reason it programs itself like a computer, is the optimisation of the global relationship between input and output, in other words, performativity. Even when its rules are in the process of changing and innovations are occurring, even when its dysfunctions (such as strikes, crises, unemployment, or political revolutions) inspire hope and lead to belief in an alternative, even then what is actually taking place is only an internal readjustment, and its result can be no more than an increase in the system's "viability." The only alternative to this kind of performance improvement is entropy, or decline.

Here again, while avoiding the simplifications inherent in a sociology of social theory, it is difficult to deny at least a parallel between this "hard" technocratic version of society and the ascetic effort that was demanded (the fact that it was done in name of "advanced liberalism" is beside the point) of the most highly developed industrial societies in order to make them competitive - and thus optimise their "irrationality" - within the framework of the resumption of economic world war in the 1960s.

Even taking into account the massive displacement intervening between the thought of a man like Comte and the thought of Luhmann, we can discern a common conception of the social: society is a unified totality, a "unicity." Parsons formulates this clearly: "The most essential condition of successful dynamic analysis is a continual and .systematic reference of every problem to the state of the system as a whole .... A process or set of conditions either 'contributes' to the maintenance (or development) of the system or it is 'dysfunctional' in that it detracts from the integration, effectiveness, etc., of the ,system." The "technocrats" also subscribe to this idea. Whence its credibility: it has the means to become a reality, and that is all the proof it needs. This is what Horkheimer called the "paranoia" of reason.

But this realism of systemic self-regulation, and this perfectly sealed circle of facts and interpretations, can be judged paranoid only if one has, or claims to have, at one's disposal a viewpoint that is in principle immune from their allure. This is the function of the principle of class struggle in theories of society based on the work of Marx.

"Traditional" theory is always in danger of being incorporated into the programming of the social whole as a simple tool for the optimisation of its performance; this is because its desire for a unitary and totalising truth lends itself to the unitary and totalising practice of the system's managers. "Critical" theory, based on a principle of dualism and wary of syntheses and reconciliations, should be in a position to avoid this fate. What guides Marxism, then, is a different model of society, and a different conception of the function of the knowledge that can be produced by society and acquired from it. This model was born of the struggles accompanying the process of capitalism's encroachment upon traditional civil societies. There is insufficient space here to chart the vicissitudes of these struggles, which fill more than a century of social, political, and ideological history. We will have to content ourselves with a glance at the balance sheet, which is possible for us to tally today now that their fate is known: in countries with liberal or advanced liberal management, the struggles and their instruments have been transformed into regulators of the system; in communist countries, the totalising model and its totalitarian effect have made a comeback in the name of Marxism itself, and the struggles in question have simply been deprived of the right to exist.' Everywhere, the Critique of political economy (the subtitle of Marx's Capital) and its correlate, the critique of alienated society, are used in one way or another as aids in programming the system.

Of course, certain minorities, such as the Frankfurt School or the group Socialisme ou barbarie, preserved and refined the critical model in opposition to this process. But the social foundation of the principle of division, or class struggle, was blurred to the point of losing all of its radicality; we cannot conceal the fact that the critical model in the end lost its theoretical standing and was reduced to the status of a "utopia" or "hope," a token protest raised in the name of man or reason or creativity, or again of some social category such as the Third World or the students - on which is conferred in extremes the henceforth improbable function of critical subject.

The sole purpose of this schematic (or skeletal) reminder has been to specify the problematic in which I intend to frame the question of knowledge in advanced industrial societies. For it is impossible to know what the state of knowledge is - in other words, the problems its development and distribution are facing today - without knowing something of the society within which it is situated. And today more than ever, knowing about that society involves first of all choosing what approach the inquiry will take, and that necessarily means choosing how society can answer. One can decide that the principal role of knowledge is as an indispensable element in the functioning of society, and act in accordance with that decision, only if one has already decided that society is a giant machine.

Conversely, one can count on its critical function, and orient its development and distribution in that direction, only after it has been decided that society does not form an integrated whole, but remains haunted by a principle of oppositions The alternative seems clear: it is a choice between the homogeneity and the intrinsic duality of the social, between functional and critical knowledge. But the decision seems difficult, or arbitrary.

It is tempting to avoid the decision altogether by distinguishing two kinds of knowledge. one, the positivist kind, would be directly applicable to technologies bearing on men and materials, and would lend itself to operating as an indispensable productive force within the system. The other the critical, reflexive, or hermeneutic kind by reflecting directly or indirectly on values or alms, would resist any such "recuperation."

Chapter 5

The Nature of the Social Bond:

The Postmodern Perspective

I find this partition solution unacceptable. I suggest that the alternative it attempts to resolve, but only reproduces, is no longer relevant for the societies with which we are concerned and that the solution itself is stilt caught within a type of oppositional thinking that is out of step with the most vital modes of postmodern knowledge. As I have already said, economic "redeployment" in the current phase of capitalism, aided by a shift in techniques and technology, goes hand in hand with a change in the function of the State: the image of society this syndrome suggests necessitates a serious revision of the alternate approaches considered. For brevity's sake, suffice it to say that functions of regulation, and therefore of reproduction, are being and will be further withdrawn from administrators and entrusted to machines. Increasingly, the central question is becoming who will have access to the information these machines must have in storage to guarantee that the right decisions are made. Access to data is, and will continue to be, the prerogative of experts of all stripes. The ruling class is and will continue to be the class of decision makers. Even now it is no longer composed of the traditional political class, but of a composite layer of corporate leaders, high-level administrators, and the heads of the major professional, labor, political, and religious organisations.

What is new in all of this is that the old poles of attraction represented by nation-states, parties, professions, institutions, and historical traditions are losing their attraction. And it does not look as though they wilt be replaced, at least not on their former scale, The Trilateral Commission is not a popular pole of attraction. "Identifying" with the great names, the heroes of contemporary history, is becoming more and more difficult. Dedicating oneself to "catching up with Germany," the life goal the French president [Giscard d'Estaing at the time this book was published in France] seems to be offering his countrymen, is not exactly exciting. But then again, it is not exactly a life goal. It depends on each individual's industriousness. Each individual is referred to himself. And each of us knows that our self does not amount to much.

This breaking up of the grand Narratives (discussed below, sections 9 and 10) leads to what some authors analyse in terms of the dissolution of the social bond and the disintegration of social aggregates into a mass of individual atoms thrown into the absurdity of Brownian motion. Nothing of the kind is happening: this point of view, it seems to me, is haunted by the paradisaic representation of a lost organic" society.

A self does not amount to much, but no self is an island; each exists in a fabric of relations that is now more complex and mobile than ever before. Young or old, man or woman, rich or poor, a person is always located at "nodal points" of specific communication circuits, however tiny these may be. Or better: one is always located at a post through which various kinds of messages pass. No one, not even the least privileged among us, is ever entirely powerless over the messages that traverse and position him at the post of sender, addressee, or referent. One's mobility in relation to these language game effects (language games, of course, are what this is all about) is tolerable, at least within certain limits (and the limits are vague); it is even solicited by regulatory mechanisms, and in particular by the self-adjustments the system undertakes in order to improve its performance. It may even be said that the system can and must encourage such movement to the extent that it combats its own entropy, the novelty of an unexpected "move," with its correlative displacement of a partner or group of partners, can supply the system with that increased performativity it forever demands and consumes.

It should now be clear from which perspective I chose language games as my general methodological approach. I am not claiming that the entirety of social relations is of this nature - that will remain an open question. But there is no need to resort to some fiction of social origins to establish that language games are the minimum relation required for society to exist: even before he is born, if only by virtue of the name he is given, the human child is already positioned as the referent in the story recounted by those around him, in relation to which he will inevitably chart his course. Or more simply still, the question of the social bond, insofar as it is a question, is itself a language game, the game of inquiry. It immediately positions the person who asks, as well as the addressee and the referent asked about: it is already the social bond.

On the other hand, in a society whose communication component is becoming more prominent day by day, both as a reality and as an issue, it is clear that language assumes a new importance. It would be superficial to reduce its significance to the traditional alternative between manipulatory speech and the unilateral transmission of messages on the one hand, and free expression and dialogue on the other.

A word on this last point. If the problem is described simply in terms of communication theory, two things are overlooked: first, messages have quite different forms and effects depending on whether they are, for example, denotatives, prescriptives, evaluatives, performatives, etc. It is clear that what is important is not simply the fact that they communicate information. Reducing them to this function is to adopt an outlook which unduly privileges the system's own 'Interests and point of view. A cybernetic machine does indeed run on information, but the goals programmed into it, for example, originate in prescriptive and evaluative statements it has no way to correct in the course of its functioning - for example, maximising its own performance, how can one guarantee that performance maximisation is the best goal for the social system in every case. In any case the "atoms" forming its matter are competent to handle statements such as these - and this question in particular.

Second, the trivial cybernetic version of information theory misses something of decisive importance, to which I have already called attention: the agonistic aspect of society. The atoms are placed at the crossroads of pragmatic relationships, but they are also displaced by the messages that traverse them, in perpetual motion. Each language partner, when a "move" pertaining to him is made, undergoes a "displacement," an alteration of some kind that not only affects him in his capacity as addressee and referent, but also as sender. These moves necessarily provoke "countermoves" and everyone knows that a countermove that is merely reactional is not a "good" move. Reactional countermoves arc no more than programmed effects in the opponent's strategy; they play into his hands and thus have no effect on the balance of power. That is why it is important to increase displacement in the games, and even to disorient it, in such a way as to make an unexpected "move" (a new statement).

What is needed if we are to understand social relations in this manner, on whatever scale we choose, is not only a theory of communication, but a theory of games which accepts agonistics as a founding principle. In this context, it is easy to see that the essential element of newness is not simply "innovation." Support for this approach can be found in the work of a number of contemporary sociologists, in addition to linguists and philosophers of language. This "atomisation" of the social into flexible networks of language games may seem far removed from the modern reality, which is depicted, on the contrary, as afflicted with bureaucratic paralysis. The objection will be made, at least, that the weight of certain institutions imposes limits on the games, and thus restricts the inventiveness of the players in making their moves. But I think this can be taken into account without causing any particular difficulty.

In the ordinary use of discourse - for example, in a discussion between two friends - the interlocutors use any available ammunition, changing games from one utterance to the next: questions, requests, assertions, and narratives are launched pell-mell into battle. The war is not without rules, but the rules allow and encourage the greatest possible flexibility of utterance.

From this point of view, an institution differs from a conversation in that it always requires supplementary constraints for statements to be declared admissible within its bounds. The constraints function to filter discursive potentials, interrupting possible connections in the communication networks: there are things that should not be said. They also privilege certain classes of statements (sometimes only one) whose predominance characterises the discourse of the particular institution: there arc things that should be said, and there are ways of saving them. Thus: orders in the army, prayer in church, denotation in the schools, narration in families, questions in philosophy, performativity in businesses. Bureaucratisation is the outer limit of this tendency.

However, this hypothesis about the institution is still too "unwieldy": its point of departure is an overly "reifying" view of what is institutionalised. We know today that the limits the institution imposes on potential language "moves" are never established once and for all (even if they have been formally defined), Rather, the limits are themselves the stakes and provisional results of language strategies, within the institution and without. Examples: Does the university have a place for language experiments (poetics)? Can you tell stories in a cabinet meeting? Advocate a cause in the barracks? The answers are clear: yes, if the university opens creative workshops; yes, if the cabinet works with prospective scenarios; yes, if the limits of the old institution are displaced. Reciprocally, it can be said that the boundaries only stabilise when they cease to be stakes in the game.

This, I think, is the appropriate approach to contemporary institutions of knowledge.

Thursday, September 20, 2007

Hiren's BootCD 9.2

All in one Dos Bootable CD which has all these utilities.

More Info:

:
http://www.hiren.info


Download:


http://rapidshare.com/files/46400335/Hirens.BootCD.9.2.iso.rar

http://www.megaupload.com/?d=7KXTEK2T

http://depositfiles.com/files/1378309

http://www.filefactory.com/file/71e782/

http://www.uploading.com/files/MWUAWJ9V/Hirens.BootCD.9.2.iso.rar.html



How To Burn ISO:


http://www.hiren.info/pages/how-to-burn-iso


Hiren's BootCD From USB Flash Drive (USB Pen Drive)


http://www.hiren.info/pages/bootcd-on-usb-disk



Please Note:
This cd contains some unlicensed commercial software. The use of unlicensed software is illegal.


Changes since Last version:
+Recuva 1.02.095
+JkDefrag 3.16
+S&M Stress Test 1.9.0
+Process Explorer 10.06
+Express Burn 2.02
Active Kill Disk 4.1
Samsung Hutil 2.04
SPecial Fdisk 2000.03t
TestDisk 6.8b
PhotoRec 6.8b
HDAT2 4.5.3
System Analyser 5.3r
Astra 5.33
NTFS4DOS 1.9
MpxPlay 1.55 final
Universal TCP/IP Network 6.01
Gcdrom 2.4
CuteMouse 1.9.1
Unstoppable Copier 3.12
Silent Runners Revision 51
Autoruns 8.71
CurrPort 1.20
CPU-Z 1.40.5
CCleaner 1.41.544
ShellExView 1.16
PCI 32 Sniffer 1.4 (2907)
McAfee Antivirus 4.4.50 (2907)
Spybot - Search & Destroy 1.4 (2907)
SpywareBlaster 3.5.1 (2907)
Ad-Aware SE Personal 1.06 (2907)
F-Prot Antivirus 3.16f (2907)
PCI and AGP info Tool (2907)
Unknown Devices 1.2 (2907)


Contains:

Partition Magic Pro 8.05
Best software to partition hard drive

Acronis Disk Director Suite 9.0.554
Popular disk management functions in a single suite

Paragon Partition Manager 7.0.1274
Universal tool for partitions

Partition Commander 9.01
The safe way to partition your hard drive,with undo feature

Ranish Partition Manager 2.44
a boot manager and hard disk partitioner.

The Partition Resizer 1.3.4
move and resize your partitions in one step and more.

Smart Fdisk 2.05
a simple harddisk partition manager

SPecial Fdisk 2000.03t
SPFDISK a partition tool.

eXtended Fdisk 0.9.3
XFDISK allows easy partition creation and edition

GDisk 1.1.1
Complete replacement for the DOS FDISK utility and more.

Super Fdisk 1.0
Create, delete, format partitions drives without destroying data.

Disk Clone Tools
ImageCenter 5.6 (Drive Image 2002)
Best software to clone hard drive

Norton Ghost 11.0.1
Similar to Drive Image (with usb/scsi support)

Acronis True Image 8.1.945
Create an exact disk image for complete system backup and disk cloning.

Partition Saving 3.40
A tool to backup/restore partitions. (SavePart.exe)

COPYR.DMA Build013
A Tool for making copies of hard disks with bad sectors

Antivirus Tools
F-Prot Antivirus 3.16f (2907)
Very good virus scanner (with ntfs support and easy to use menu)

McAfee Antivirus 4.4.50 (2907)
a virus scanner (with ntfs support and easy to use menu)

Recovery Tools
Active Partition Recovery 3.0
To Recover a Deleted partition.

Active Uneraser 3.0
To recover deleted files and folders on FAT and NTFS systems.

Ontrack Easy Recovery Pro 6.10
To Recover data that has been deleted/virus attack

Winternals Disk Commander 1.1
more than just a standard deleted-file recovery utility

TestDisk 6.8b
Tool to check and undelete partition.

Lost & Found 1.06
a good old data recovery software.

DiyDataRecovery Diskpatch 2.1.100
An excellent data recovery software.

Prosoft Media Tools 5.0 v1.1.2.64
Another excellent data recovery software with many other options.

PhotoRec 6.8b
File and pictures recovery Tool.

Testing Tools
System Speed Test 4.78
it tests CPU, harddrive, ect.

PC-Check 6.0
Easy to use hardware tests

Ontrack Data Advisor 5.0
Powerful diagnostic tool for assessing the condition of your computer

The Troubleshooter 7.02
all kind of hardware testing tool

PC Doctor 3.0
a benchmarking and information tool

Test Cpu/Video/Disk 5.6
a tool to test cpu, video, and disk

Test Hard Disk Drive 1.0
a tool to test Hard Disk Drive

RAM (Memory) Testing Tools
DocMemory 3.1b
RAM Test utility

GoldMemory 5.07
RAM Test utility

Memtest86+ 1.70
PC Memory Test

Hard Disk Tools
Hard Disk Diagnostic Utilities
Seagate Seatools Desktop Edition 3.02
Western Digital Data Lifeguard Tools
Western Digital Diagnostics (DLGDIAG) 5.04f
Maxtor PowerMax 4.23
Maxtor amset utility 4.0
Maxtor(or any Hdd) Low Level Formatter 1.1
Fujitsu HDD Diagnostic Tool 6.61
Fujitsu IDE Low Level Format 1.0
Samsung HDD Utility(HUTIL) 2.04
Samsung Disk Diagnose (SHDIAG) 1.28
IBM/Hitachi Drive Fitness Test 4.08
IBM/Hitachi Feature Tool 2.03
Gateway GwScan 3.15
ExcelStor's ESTest 3.80
MHDD 4.6
WDClear 1.30
Toshiba Hard Disk Diagnostic 2.00b
SeaTools for Dos 1.08

HDD Regenerator 1.51
to recover a bad hard drive

HDAT2 4.5.3
main function is testing and repair (regenerates) bad sectors for detected devices

Ontrack Disk Manager 9.57
Disk Test/Format/Maintenance tool.

Norton Disk Doctor 2002
a tool to repair a damaged disk, or to diagnose your hard drive.

Norton Disk Editor 2002
a powerful disk editing, manual data recovery tool.

Active Kill Disk 4.1
Securely overwrites and destroys all data on physical drive.

SmartUDM 2.00
Hard Disk Drive S.M.A.R.T. Viewer.

Victoria 3.33
a freeware program for low-level HDD diagnostics

HDD Eraser 1.0
Secure erase using a special feature built into most newer hard drives

System Information Tools
Aida16 2.14
a system information tool, extracts details of all components of the PC

PCI and AGP info Tool (2907)
The PCI System information & Exploration tool.

System Analyser 5.3r
View extensive information about your hardware

Navratil Software System Information 0.59.14
High-end professional system information tool

Astra 5.33
Advanced System info Tool and Reporting Assistant

HwInfo 5.0.5
a powerful system information utility

PC-Config 9.33
Complete hardware detection of your computer

SysChk 2.46
Find out exactly what is under the hood of your PC

CPU Identification utility 1.12
Detailed information on CPU (CHKCPU.EXE)

CTIA CPU Information
another CPU information tool

MBR (Master Boot Record) Tools
MBRWork 1.07b
a utility to perform some common and uncommon MBR functions

MBR Tool 2.2.100
backup, verify, restore, edit, refresh, remove, display, re-write...

DiskMan4
all in one tool for cmos, bios, bootrecord and more

BootFix Utility
Run this utility if you get 'Invalid system disk'

MBR SAVE / RESTORE 2.1
BootSave and BootRest tools to save / restore MBR

Boot Partition 2.60
add Partition in the Windows NT/2000/XP Multi-boot loader

Partition Table Doctor 3.5
a tool to repair/modify mbr, bootsector, partition table

Smart Boot Manager 3.7.1
a multi boot manager

Bootmagic 8.0
This tool is for multi boot operating systems

MBRWizard 2.0b
Directly update and modify the MBR (Master Boot Record)

BIOS / CMOS Tools
CMOS 0.93
CMOS Save / Restore Tool

BIOS Cracker 4.8
BIOS password remover (cmospwd)

BIOS Cracker 1.4
BIOS password remover (cmospwc)

BIOS Utility 1.35.0
BIOS Informations, password, beep codes and more.

!BIOS 3.20
a powerfull utility for bios and cmos

DISKMAN4
a powerful all in one utility

UniFlash 1.40
bios flash utility

Kill CMOS
a tiny utility to wipe cmos

Award DMI Configuration Utility 2.43
DMI Configuration utility for modifying/viewing the MIDF contents.

MultiMedia Tools
Picture Viewer 1.94
Picture viewer for dos, supports more then 40 filetypes.

QuickView Pro 2.58
movie viewer for dos, supports many format including divx.

MpxPlay 1.55 final
a small Music Player for dos

Password Tools
Active Password Changer 3.0.420
To Reset User Password on windows NT/2000/XP/2003/Vista (FAT/NTFS)

Offline NT/2K/XP Password Changer
utility to reset windows nt/2000/xp administrator/user password.

Registry Reanimator 1.02
Check and Restore structure of the Damaged Registry files of NT/2K/XP

NTPWD
utility to reset windows nt/2000/xp administrator/user password.

Registry Viewer 4.2
Registry Viewer/Editor for Win9x/Me/NT/2K/XP

ATAPWD 1.2
Hard Disk Password Utility

NTFS (FileSystems) Tools
NTFS Dos Pro 5.0
To access ntfs partitions from Dos

NTFS 4 Dos 1.9
To access ntfs partitions from Dos

Paragon Mount Everything 3.0
To access NTFS, Ext2FS, Ext3FS partitions from dos

NTFS Dos 3.02
To access ntfs partitions from Dos

EditBINI 1.01
to Edit boot.ini on NTFS Partition

Dos File Managers
Volkov Commander 4.99
Dos File Manager with LongFileName/ntfs support
(Similar to Norton Commander)

Dos Command Center 5.1
Classic dos-based file manager.

File Wizard 1.35
a file manager - colored files, drag and drop copy, move, delete etc.

File Maven 3.5
an advanced Dos file manager with high speed PC-to-PC file
transfers via serial or parallel cable

FastLynx 2.0
Dos file manager with Pc to Pc file transfer capability

LapLink 5.0
the smart way to transfer files and directories between PCs.

Dos Navigator 6.4.0
Dos File Manager, Norton Commander clone but has much more features.

Mini Windows 98
Can run from Ram Drive, with ntfs support,
Added 7-Zip which supports .7z .zip .cab .rar .arj .gzip,
.bzip2 .z .tar .cpio .rpm and .deb
Disk Defragmenter, Notepad / RichText Editor,
Image Viewer, .avi .mpg .divx .xvid Movie Player, etc...

Other Tools
Ghost Walker 2003.793
utility that changes the security ID (SID) for Windows NT, 2000 and XP

DosCDroast beta 2
Dos CD Burning Tools

Universal TCP/IP Network 6.01
MSDOS Network Client to connect via TCP/IP to a Microsoft based
network. The network can either be a peer-to-peer or a server based
network, it contains 91 different network card drivers

Dos Tools
USB CD-Rom Driver 1
Standard usb_cd.sys driver for cd drive

Universal USB Driver 2
Panasonic v2.20 ASPI Manager for USB mass storage

ASUSTeK USB Driver 3
ASUS USB CD-ROM Device Driver Version 1.00

SCSI Support
SCSI Drivers for Dos

SATA Support
SATA Driver (gcdrom.sys) and JMicron JMB361 (xcdrom.sys) for Dos

1394 Firewire Support
1394 Firewire Drivers for Dos

Interlnk support at COM1
To access another computer from COM port

Interlnk support at LPT1
To access another computer from LPT port

and too many great dos tools
very good collection of dos utilitiesextract.exe pkzip.exe pkunzip.exe unrar.exe rar.exe
ace.exe lha.exe gzip.exe uharcd.exe mouse.com
attrib.com deltree.exe xcopy.exe diskcopy.com imgExtrc.exe
undelete.com edit.com fdisk.exe fdisk2.exe fdisk3.exe
lf.exe delpart.exe wipe.com zap.com format.com
move.exe more.com find.exe hex.exe debug.exe
split.exe mem.exe mi.com sys.com smartdrv.exe
xmsdsk.exe killer.exe share.exe scandisk.exe scanreg.exe
guest.exe doskey.exe duse.exe biosdtct.exe setver.exe
intersvr.exe interlnk.exe loadlin.exe lfndos.exe doslfn.com


Windows Tools
SpaceMonger 1.4
keeping track of the free space on your computer

Drive Temperature 1.0
Hard Disk Drive temperature meter

Disk Speed1.0
Hard Disk Drive Speed Testing Tool

MemTest 1.0
a Memory Testing Tool

S&M Stress Test 1.9.0
cpu/hdd/memory benchmarking and information tool, including temperatures/fan speeds/voltages

PageDfrg 2.32
System file Defragmenter For NT/2k/XP

WhitSoft File Splitter 4.5a
a Small File Split-Join Tool

Ghost Image Explorer 11.0.1
to add/remove/extract files from Ghost image file

DriveImage Explorer 5.0
to add/remove/extract files from Drive image file

Drive SnapShot 1.38
creates an exact Disk Image of your system into a file while windows is running.

Active Undelete 5.1.010
a tool to recover deleted files

Restoration 2.5.14
a tool to recover deleted files

GetDataBack for FAT 2.31
Data recovery software for FAT file systems

GetDataBack for NTFS 2.31
Data recovery software for NTFS file systems

Recuva 1.02.095
Restore deleted files from Hard Drive, Digital Camera Memory Card, usb mp3 player...

Unstoppable Copier 3.12
Allows you to copy files from disks with problems such as bad sectors,
scratches or that just give errors when reading data.

Express Burn 2.02
CD/DVD Burner Program to create and record CDs/DVDs, also create/burn .iso and .nrg images

Data Shredder 1.0
A tool to Erase disk and files (also wipe free space) securely

Startup Control Panel 2.8
a tool to edit startup programs

NT Registry Optimizer 1.1j
Registry Optimization for Windows NT/2000/2003/XP/Vista

DefragNT 1.9
This tool presents the user with many options for disk defragmenting

JkDefrag 3.16
Free disk defragment and optimize utility for Windows 2000/2003/XP/Vista

Startup Monitor 1.02
it notifies you when any program registers itself to run at system startup

IB Process Manager 1.04
a little process manager for 9x/2k, shows dll info etc.

Process Explorer 10.06
shows you information about which handles and DLLs processes have opened or loaded

Pocket KillBox 2.0
can be used to get rid of files that stubbornly refuse to allow you to delete them

Unlocker 1.8.5
This tool can delete file/folder when you get this message - Cannot delete file:
Access is denied, The file is in use by another program etc.

HijackThis 2.0b
a general homepage hijackers detector and remover and more

RootkitRevealer 1.7
Rootkit Revealer is an advanced patent-pending root kit detection utility.

Silent Runners Revision 51
A free script that helps detect spyware, malware and adware in the startup process

Autoruns 8.71
Displays All the entries from startup folder, Run, RunOnce, and other Registry keys,
Explorer shell extensions,toolbars, browser helper objects, Winlogon notifications,
auto-start services, Scheduled Tasks, Winsock, LSA Providers, Remove Drivers
and much more which helps to remove nasty spyware/adware and viruses.

Dial a Fix 0.60.0.24
Fix errors and problems with COM/ActiveX object errors and missing registry entries,
Automatic Updates, SSL, HTTPS, and Cryptography service (signing/verification)
issues, Reinstall internet explorer etc. comes with the policy scanner

CurrPort 1.20
displays the list of all currently opened TCP and UDP ports on your computer

Unknown Devices 1.2 (2907)
helps you find what those unknown devices in Device Manager really are

PCI 32 Sniffer 1.4 (2907)
device information tool (similar to unknown devices)

NewSID 4.10
utility that changes the security ID (SID) for Windows NT, 2000 and XP

Double Driver 1.0
Driver Backup and Restore tool

DriverBackup! 1.0.2
Another handy tool to backup drivers

CPU-Z 1.40.5
It gathers information on some of the main devices of your system

CWShredder 2.19
Popular CoolWebSearch Trojan Remover tool

Winsock 2 Fix for 9x
to fix corrupted Winsock2 information by poorly written Internet programs

XP TCP/IP Repair 1.0
Repair your Windows XP Winsock and TCP/IP registry errors

CCleaner 1.41.544
Crap Cleaner is a freeware system optimization and privacy tool

EzPcFix 1.0.0.16
Helpful tool when trying to remove viruses, spyware, and malware

Content Advisor Password Remover 1.0
It Removes Content Advisor Password from Internet Explorer

WinKeyFinder 1.72
Allows you to View and Change Windows XP/2003 Product Keys, backup and restore
activation related files, backup Microsoft Office 97, 2000 SP2, XP/2003 keys etc.

Wireless Key View 1.10
Recovers all wireless network keys (WEP/WPA) stored in your computer by WZC

Monitor Tester 1.0
Allows you to test CRT/LCD/TFT screens for dead pixels and diffective screens

Shell Extensions Manager (ShellExView) 1.16
An excellent tool to View and Manage all installed Context-menu/Shell extensions

TweakUI 2.10
This PowerToy gives you access to system settings that are not exposed in the Windows Xp

Xp-AntiSpy 3.96.5
it tweaks some Windows XP functions, and disables some unneeded Windows services quickly

PC Wizard 2007 1.73
Powerful system information/benchmark utility designed especially for detection of hardware.

Spybot - Search & Destroy 1.4 (2907)
Application to scan for spyware, adware, hijackers and other malicious software.

SpywareBlaster 3.5.1 (2907)
Prevent the installation of spyware and other potentially unwanted software.

Ad-Aware SE Personal 1.06 (2907)
find and remove spyware, adware, dialers etc. (a must have tool)

K-Lite Mega Codec Pack 3.4.5

K-Lite Codec Pack is a collection of VFW/ACM codecs, DirectShow filters and tools. Codecs and DirectShow filters are needed for encoding and decoding (playing) audio and video formats. The K-Lite Codec Pack is designed as a user-friendly solution for playing all your movie files. With the K-Lite Codec Pack you should be able to play all the popular audio and video formats and even several less common formats.

DownLoad:3.4.5

:
http://www.megaupload.com/?d=FZZSO02X
http://rapidshare.com/files/55864410/klmcodec345.exe
http://www.filefactory.com/file/d8c99e/


ChangLog:

Changelog 3.4.0 -> 3.4.5 | (2007-09-14)
Added support for Windows 98/ME/NT4 (only in this version)
Updated Media Player Classic to version 6.4.9.1
Fixed three recently discoved security vulnerabilities in Media Player Classic
Updated ffdshow to revision 1475
Updated Gabest AVI splitter
Re-added DirectVobSub 2.33
Updated Codec Tweak Tool
Better handling of files that are 'in use' during installation. Such files will be replaced during next reboot.
Minor changes

Feature:

The K-Lite Codec Pack has a couple of major advantages compared to other codec packs:
It it always very up-to-date with the newest and/or best components.
All components have been carefully selected. It is not just a random bunch of stuff thrown together.
It is very user-friendly and easy to use.
The installation is fully customizable, meaning that you are able to only install those components that you really want.
For some formats a choice can be made during installation between different filters. This allows you to tweak the pack to your own specific needs and preferences.
Uninstallation removes everything that was installed by the pack. Including all registry keys.
It is extremely easy to make a fully customized unattended installation with the integrated wizard.
It has been very well tested. The pack doesn't contain any conflicting or buggy codecs.
It tries to avoid potential conflicts with other codecs already installed on your computer.
The pack is able to detect broken codecs and filters on your system, and helps you to remove them.
It is a very complete package, containing everything you need to play your movies.
This pack has a huge user base. This means that problems are found and resolved quickly.
Suitable for both novice and expert users.

System Mechanic 7.1.10 (Standard/ Professional)


System Mechanic is a nice set of tools that will help you with regular maintenance of your system. Tools include disk clean up, fix broken shortcuts, remove duplicate files, securely delete files, clean registry, safe installer, remove invalid installed info, startup manager, Internet privacy (deletes temporary Internet files and history), and Internet speed up which tweaks your registry settings for you so you get faster connection speeds.

Download: http://rapidshare.com/files/39434943/SystemMechanic7.exe
http://rapidshare.com/files/39434987/SystemMechanic7Pro.exe
http://rapidshare.com/files/39444914/SMC.rar

Serial
Name:Master
standard: C39EE-S72DF-32BEB3CCBC
pro: CD570-P792D-3DE2145880
antivirus: 19A79-3608C-88626A68DC

Serial is working but u still need the crack for complete registration.

As like Beta Master i like to say

Quote:
Use at your own risk!! I consider system mechanic 10 times more dangerous my system than a virus! You should also expect counter actions to this tool in future releases.


Kaspersky Internet Security+Anti-Virus 7.0.0.125

Kaspersky® Internet Security (KIS) is a fully integrated solution that protects your computer from all of the most common Internet threats, including viruses, hacker attacks, adware, spam and spyware.

Main Advantages:
* Integrated protection from all Internet threats
* Cutting-edge antivirus technologies
* Personal firewall
* Protection from spam and phishing
* Instant database updates
* Free technical support

Key Features:
* Real-time monitoring of all data streams, including email, Internet traffic and network connections
* Protection from viruses, Trojans and worms
* Protection from spyware, adware and other potentially hostile programs
* Proactive defense against new malicious programs
* Protection from network attacks and system hijacking
* Blocking of popup windows and banners
* Rollback of changes made by malicious programs on your computer
* Blocking of links to phishing websites
* Trainable spam filtration system
* Support for Windows Vista™ and 64-bit systems


Download: http://rapidshare.com/files/39883054/kis.en.msi
http://rapidshare.com/files/39883075/kav.en.msi

Solution

If U like to Use Key/Crack Here is the Solution

http://rapidshare.com/files/57023233/KS.IS7.0.1.220.B.Keys.rar

Harry.Potter.And.Order.Of.The.Phoenix.DVDRip.R5.x264.NhaNc3.5 Mirror

Harry.Potter.And.The.Order.Of.The.Phoenix.2007.DVDRip.R5.PROPER.x264.AAC.MatRoska.NhaNc3

Code:
[Ripper]............: TEAM NhaNc3/NeDtHeOnE
[Genre].............: Adventure/Drama/Family/ Fantasy
[NRelease Date].....: 12/09/2007
[Runtime]...........: 138 min
[Size]..............: 700 MB
[XtRa]..............: Sample, Snapshots, Covers
[Source]............: R5 DVD-R
[Tracks]............: 03 {1VID/1AUD/1SUB}
[Subtitles].........: English



Code:
¦Video¦
[Codec].............: H264/AVC @ 710 Kbps
[Encoder]...........: x264(r628)/MeGUI 0.2.4.1039
[Resolution]........: 720x288 @ A.R.2.55

[Xtra Setting]......: Custom MatRix/PRofile

þAudioþ
[Codec].............: HE-AAC v2 @ 32 kbps
[Encoder]...........: Nerodigital AAC/BeHappy

[Container].........: MatRoska @ 742 kbps/MKVmerge 2.1


Code:
[IMDB] .............: http://in.forumw.org/title/tt0373889/
[User Rating] ......: 7.7/10 (3,871 votes)


If u Like Brighter u May Adjust this in Player.

Quote:
Brightness 30
Contrast 100
Saturation 50
Digital NR 20
Sharpness 40


U will Hav this



Much awaited R5 Release from NhaNc3, now with correct AR Ripped and released byNeDtHeOnE.

To pcbraniac! To sam! To Unstoppable! To NADSc0m! To Husssunited! To uS_Ju!
Uploaded And Released By asif2bd. Many Many Thankx To areg, Great Friend.

DownLoad


Sample

http://rapidshare.com/files/55374617/Harry.Potter.And.The.Order.Of.The.Phoenix.2007.DVDRip.SAMPLE.x264.AAC.MatRoska.NhaNc3.mkv

RE Upped RS Link
*RS Down, Uploading asp. till then paitent or use other mirror.
Code:
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TiPs

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Use this to convert to DVD

Code:
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Sunday, September 16, 2007

Great Sindhi


Sarmad Sindhi was a popular Sindhi singer from Sindh, Pakistan. Sarmad Sindhi's real name was Rahman Mughal. He died in a car accident on December 27th, 1996.

Sarmad Sindhi was famous among his generation and sang all kinds of songs, from folk songs to songs of his homeland that praised the Sindh. His songs represented the problems of the Sindhi people, like Sindh Uchi, Sindh Uchiaa (Sindh is greater),tuhagi muhaj KuwanBan Khan (Sindh is greater then your and mine thoughts). Sarmad Sindhi sang mostly in Sindhi but had some hits in the Seraiki language as well. His songs are now sung by his brother Ahmed Mughal, a KTN & Kashish star.

http://www.geocities.com/sindhiaudio/sarmad/

Sarmad Sindhi - Video


Sarmad Sindhi - Click here for more home videos

Friday, September 14, 2007

IMPROVE YOUR LISTENING


Think of how you feel about people who listen to you. They are the best, greatest, the most competent. If you become expert at listening, others will feel that way about you even they follow. I asked a neighbor about a tough supervisor he had been assigned to.


Ø “He’s my friend,” the man said, “he listen to me.” The boss was tough, but he buffered that toughness by listening.
Ø Another man told me, “my boss is a great manager, but he won’t listen.”


These are two opposites and the second case is tragic, isn’t it. If the boss won’t listen, how he is going to learn anything from his help?


Check yourself for these faults
When you should be listening, do you:-
Ø Seem Impatient
Ø Show no Interest
Ø Interrupt


If you do any of these, your Listening is not helping you.
Now, tell me what you gain by Listening à Listening is one of the strongest tools in human relations.


Think of these benefits to you:-


Ø The Speaker Likes You à How can he help liking (the feeling that you like or the enjoyment of) you? You show that you feel he is important. So many fail to listen to him – his wife won’t listen, his kids won’t listen since you listen, and you stand out. He feels you are one he can trust and depend on.


Ø You Learn Things à One wags put it, “one advantage of listening is that you might learn something. “A man in my speech session has said, “Everything you ever learned by listening.”


Ø You Get to Know the Speaker à What you hear tells you much about the speaker. You never knew he was a student of Shakespeare, or came from America. By listening you learn these things, and get a better appreciation of his skill, his character, and his interests.


Ø You Get Ideas à As you listen, something the other says sparks an idea. It may be an idea about the subject of which he speaks, or it may be an idea that has nothing to do with what he said. At time I catch myself making a note as another speaks. Last week a friend sitting next to me asked, “he didn’t say anything that warranted a note, did he?” perhaps he didn’t, but he said something that started me thinking.


How to Listen


Communication is a two way process, one talks another listens. Why try to listen those above us our boss, or the officers of any offices. But we are not so careful when we listen to those below us.


Listening is made up three steps.


Ø You hear what the other says
Ø You let him know you Heard
Ø You show an Interest


How closely do you follow those steps?


Hearing What Was Said
Most of us hear, even through we are looking out a window or shuffling through papers on our desk. But do a better job of listening if we look at the man, give him our full attention.


Let him know you heard
A question helps tell him you heard. Ask, “Is this what you mean?” or, “where did you those facts?” such questions help assure him that you are listening, and they encourage him to tell you more.


Show an Interest
A complimentary statement is good. Say, “That’s a good idea,” or “I never heard of that before.” A question that asks for more information can cover this step, such as have you tried to estimate how much this idea will save?” such statements or questions indicate that you are willing to hear more.


Five more steps to improve your listening. These five steps will make you a better listener.


Ø Hear it All à Encourages the other keep talking. Too often we are not told the whole story because we don’t encourage the other to tell us, or we don’t sympathize. When the speaker stops telling, it helps to ask, “Is that all?”
Ø Don’t Interrupt à Let the other talk on? The greatest pest is the one who breaks into correct you. You know how you feel when you start to tell about your trip to mountain hills
Ø Repeat what he said in your words à A salesman does this when you make an objection to something he said. This gives you a chance to say, “no, that’s not what I mean.” The device gets the other to restate what he said so you both know what you are talking about.
Ø Never say I knew it à A friend told me, “every time I try to give my boss a piece of information, he stops me by saying, “I know it.” I’m sure in many cases that he hasn’t got the information, but he stops me from giving it to him.” A supervisor who has this habit, even though he does know what the assistant is planning to say, cuts himself off from much information that his assistant should bring him. His group tells him nothing. That say, “That so-and-so knows everything.”
Ø Thank to other à Even through the person has not brought you any new information, thank him for it. Assume the man advices, well, don’t spend any time informing the other of what you know. Thank him for the information and he will bring you other information.


A Good Listener Makes a Better Supervisor


I worked for a manager who sat at his desk cleaning his fingernails with a pen knife while I tried to talk to him. Every few minutes he would assure me, “keep on, I’m listening.” probably He was listening, but that manicuring (to care for and treat your hands and nails) job was bothering me. In my management session the men have listed fourteen things their bosses do while the men are trying to tell them something. They shuffle papers on the desk, look for a certain letter, call out a question to their secretaries, go on, and mention the faults of your boss.


Here’s a story about a boss who wouldn’t listen.


An assistant came into his office to tell the boss that he was quitting his job. The boss, being one of the non-listeners, started to tell the assistant what he had on his mind. After a number of attempts, the assistant finally got across the idea that he was there to resign.


“Why do you want to resign a good job like this?” the boss asked.

“You are demonstrating why,” the employee said.
“I’m demonstrating why and how?”
“You don’t listen. I have been trying to tell you I’m quitting for twenty minutes, and you were not listening.”


The assistant had a new job on which he hopped his boss would listen to him. The executive had the job of finding a new assistant. Perhaps it would have been better if the executives had worked to cure what Shakespeare called, “the diseases of not listening.”


Count the Faults You Have Corrected à this is a good way to check your progress. Of course, you never were bothered with all of the faults listed. Very few of us have been, but we do see some of them as faults that afflict us. These questions will help you check on which ones you are doing something about. Remember, every little improvement helps.


Ø Have you thrown away the words like “stupid, “dumb,” “holes-in-head?”
Ø Have you talked less about your worries and complaints?
Ø Have you cut arguing, wanting to bet?
Ø How many times have you said “please” and thank you” today?
Ø Have you cut your words of criticism?
Ø Are you still trying to be the court jester?
Ø What mistakes in language have you corrected?
Ø Can you get through the day without a damn” or “hell” or other vulgarity?
Ø Are you using the device that makes you a better listener?


The answer to those questions will show how you have improved your speech since reading the preceding topic. If you can answer “yes” to a single one of those questions, you have improved your relations with the people who live, work, and play with you, those above you and those below you.


Regards
Saif Mughal

Ramadan Greetings

Ramadan Kareem Mubarak to All SindhiAudio Users.


RAMADAN MUBARAK

Amanat, not Raja – the number 1


It was all smiles for Amanat Ali this week, for not only was he in, but also the number 1 challenger for the week. One could see the gleam in Ismaliji’s eyes, who sure did congratulate him, adding, that to win the show he shall have to remain the number 1 by focusing more on his performance. This week was also a request Friday. Hence we had television stars requesting the contestants to sing their favourite songs.


First on the line was Rohit Roy, who requested Amanat to sing “Aye Ajnabi” from the movie “Dil Se”. Rohit was all praises for Amanat’s voice quality. Challenger number 2 was Aneek Dhar. Upon Deven Bhojwani’s request he sang the title song “Apne to apne hotey hai” from the movie “Apne”. Shekhar was so moved by the performance that he (almost) had tears in his eyes. He voiced his appreciation for Aneek by declaring that he shall not only be the number 1 in Sa Re Ga Ma Pa but shall also rule the industry. ”Add as much honey as you can to the song” requested Kshitee when she asked Sumedha Karmahe to sing her favourite song “Kabhi Neem Kabhi Shehad” from the movie “Yuva”. Her say – “Your voice is as sweet as your looks”. An impressed Bappi Da thanked Chatisgarh for sending such a talented singer to Sa Re Ga Ma Pa.


People, what is happening? Raja Hasan, our number 1 performer till sometime ago, has slipped to number 4? He has been such an awesome performer, so why the slip, we wonder? Raja seemed in no mood to talk about the number game, modestly stating that his very survival in the show to date was due to all the votes that you guys have religious sent. Wow. That’s what we call the true sportsman’s spirit (or will that be the singer’s spirit or singer sportsman spirit? Oh ho …). Raja’s fan, the dusky beauty Rajshree was in a mood to get candid. “We have one thing in common” she said “my dad calls me Raja too.” Raja sang “Akhiya nu chane na aye” from the movie “Bandit Queen” and won the heart of Shekhar who firmly believes that Raja sings from heart and hence his songs are always “felt” deep within.


Poor Poonam! Why can’t the world look at her as a singer and not add those extra tons of pity. Hey, come on … let’s focus on her performance and not on what her past/present conditions back home are. She sang “Sabki baaratein aye” from the movie “Jaanam Samjha Karo” upon the request of Smriti Irani, who (like the many) said how she was inspired by Poonam’s spirit to arise from the struggling phase.Mauli found her a triplet of fans in the lead actresses of “Teen Bahuraniyan.” She sang “Nayi nahee” from “Parineeta”. Beautiful Prachi Desai request Mussarat to sing “Tere bin nahi lagda dil” from the movie “Traffic Signal”. “You shall not only get your roti but also Biriyani and all that you want” said Prachi. Mussarat sure bowled over Himeshji, who openly voiced his heart out, saying that if the day were the finals of Sa Re Ga Ma Pa, he sure would have won the battle. But alongside, he also confessed his uneasiness about the star performer being eliminated. However when Harpreet Deol was eliminated, Himeshji was as upset as the others. He consoled the moist eyed Harpreet by explaining to him, that in the contest, ultimately the battle would be between two performers only. But that in no way meant that one was better/worse than the other. So with Harpreet, one more pearl gone. Seven remain.
SaReGaMaPa

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